Vitamin B12, also known as cobalamin, plays a crucial role in various physiological functions, particularly in the nervous system and red blood cell formation. It is essential for the synthesis of DNA and the maintenance of nerve cells, contributing to proper neurological function. Additionally, Vitamin B12 is involved in the production of red blood cells, aiding in the prevention of anemia.
The best sources of Vitamin B12 are primarily animal products, such as meat, fish, eggs, and dairy. As Vitamin B12 is not naturally present in plant-based foods, individuals following a vegetarian or vegan diet may need to consider fortified foods or supplements to ensure an adequate intake. Ensuring a sufficient supply of Vitamin B12 is vital for overall health, supporting neurological function and blood cell production.