Iron is a crucial mineral with a primary role in transporting oxygen throughout the body via hemoglobin, a component of red blood cells. This oxygen transport is vital for energy production and the overall function of tissues and organs. Additionally, iron plays a key role in the immune system and cognitive development. There are two types of dietary iron: heme iron, found in animal products like red meat, poultry, and fish, and non-heme iron, present in plant-based sources such as lentils, beans, and fortified cereals. While heme iron is more easily absorbed by the body, combining non-heme iron sources with Vitamin C-rich foods can enhance absorption. Maintaining a well-balanced diet that includes both types of iron is essential for preventing iron deficiency anemia and ensuring optimal health. Individuals with specific dietary restrictions or increased iron needs should consult with healthcare professionals to meet their iron requirements effectively.

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