Calcium is a vital mineral essential for various physiological functions in the body, with its primary role centered around bone health and proper functioning of the nervous and muscular systems. Approximately 99% of the body’s calcium is stored in bones and teeth, providing structural support and strength. Beyond its skeletal benefits, calcium plays a crucial role in muscle contraction, blood clotting, and nerve signal transmission.
Dairy products such as milk, yogurt, and cheese are excellent sources of calcium, providing high bioavailability. Other dietary sources include leafy green vegetables like kale and broccoli, as well as fortified foods such as tofu and certain cereals. Ensuring an adequate intake of calcium through a well-balanced diet is crucial for maintaining strong bones and teeth, supporting muscle and nerve function, and promoting overall health.